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Selling because we are moving. No delivery available. To be collected in Lamentin. To be collected in Lamentin Table Sep Recent Publications. Feeling heard is critical to human flourishing—across domains, relationships are strengthened and individual well-being is enhanced when people feel listened to. High-quality conversational listening not only requires the cognitive processes of attention and processing, but also behavioral expression to communicate one’s cognitive engagement to others.

This need to behaviorally express listening introduces the possibility of deception. Listening can be expressed using non-verbal, paralinguistic, and verbal behaviors. However, recent work reveals that perceptions of conversational listening are often inaccurate—dishonest portrayals of listening often go undetected, while honest portrayals are sometimes mistaken for deception. This article will review work on listening, arguing that honest high-quality conversational listening is most effectively conveyed and detected using verbal expressions of listening, in part because these cues cannot be faked.

Collins, Hanne. Schweitzer, Emma Levine. Current Opinion in Psychology 47 October Contrary to expectations that economic interdependence might lessen security conflict between China and the U. Together, these trends have blurred the distinction between the state and private capital and resulted in several forms of backlash, including intensified investment reviews, campaigns to exclude Chinese firms from prominent sectors, and novel domestic and international institutions to address perceived threats from Chinese actors.

People are on the move in unprecedented numbers within and between countries. How does demographic change affect local intergroup dynamics?

In complement to accounts that emphasize stereotypical features of groups as determinants of their treatment, we propose the group reference dependence hypothesis: violence and negative attitudes toward each minoritized group will depend on the number and size of other minoritized groups in a community.

Specifically, as groups increase or decrease in rank in terms of their size e. We test this hypothesis for hate crimes in U. This framework makes novel predictions about how demographic shifts may affect coalitional structures in the coming years and helps explain previous findings in the literature.

Our results also indicate that attitudes and behaviors toward social categories are not intransigent or driven only by features associated with those groups, such as stereotypes. Many government officials and experts think that the government should do more and that there is a crucial need for improved regulation, mainly due to the failure of the private sector to solve efficiently the cybersecurity problem. Clarke said during a panel discussion at the RSA Security Conference in San Francisco , he believes that the “industry only responds when you threaten regulation.

If the industry doesn’t respond to the threat , you have to follow through. Daniel R. McCarthy analyzed this public-private partnership in cybersecurity and reflected on the role of cybersecurity in the broader constitution of political order. On 22 May , the UN Security Council held its second ever informal meeting on cybersecurity to focus on cyber challenges to international peace.

GDPR requires that business processes that handle personal data be built with data protection by design and by default. Since , Canada has had a cybersecurity strategy. Public Safety Canada aims to begin an evaluation of Canada’s cybersecurity strategy in early The LSG was created to overcome the incoherent policies and overlapping responsibilities that characterized China’s former cyberspace decision-making mechanisms.

The LSG oversees policy-making in the economic, political, cultural, social and military fields as they relate to network security and IT strategy. This LSG also coordinates major policy initiatives in the international arena that promote norms and standards favored by the Chinese government and that emphasizes the principle of national sovereignty in cyberspace. According to the Minister, the primary task of the new organization founded on 23 February , is to detect and prevent attacks against the national infrastructure and mentioned incidents like Stuxnet.

Some provisions for cybersecurity have been incorporated into rules framed under the Information Technology Act The National Cyber Security Policy is a policy framework by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology MeitY which aims to protect the public and private infrastructure from cyberattacks, and safeguard “information, such as personal information of web users , financial and banking information and sovereign data”. CERT- In is the nodal agency which monitors the cyber threats in the country.

The Indian Companies Act has also introduced cyber law and cybersecurity obligations on the part of Indian directors. Some provisions for cybersecurity have been incorporated into rules framed under the Information Technology Act Update in Following cyberattacks in the first half of , when the government, news media, television stations, and bank websites were compromised, the national government committed to the training of 5, new cybersecurity experts by The South Korean government blamed its northern counterpart for these attacks, as well as incidents that occurred in , , [] and , but Pyongyang denies the accusations.

The 18 U. It prohibits unauthorized access or damage of “protected computers” as defined in 18 U. Although various other measures have been proposed [] [] — none has succeeded. In response to the Colonial Pipeline ransomware attack [] President Joe Biden signed Executive Order [] on May 12, , to increase software security standards for sales to the government, tighten detection and security on existing systems, improve information sharing and training, establish a Cyber Safety Review Board, and improve incident response.

The Department of Homeland Security has a dedicated division responsible for the response system, risk management program and requirements for cybersecurity in the United States called the National Cyber Security Division. In addition to its own specific duties, the FBI participates alongside non-profit organizations such as InfraGard.

The CCIPS is in charge of investigating computer crime and intellectual property crime and is specialized in the search and seizure of digital evidence in computers and networks.

The U. Federal Communications Commission ‘s role in cybersecurity is to strengthen the protection of critical communications infrastructure, to assist in maintaining the reliability of networks during disasters, to aid in swift recovery after, and to ensure that first responders have access to effective communications services. The Food and Drug Administration has issued guidance for medical devices, [] and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration [] is concerned with automotive cybersecurity.

After being criticized by the Government Accountability Office , [] and following successful attacks on airports and claimed attacks on airplanes, the Federal Aviation Administration has devoted funding to securing systems on board the planes of private manufacturers, and the Aircraft Communications Addressing and Reporting System.

In the US, two distinct organizations exist, although they do work closely together. There is growing concern that cyberspace will become the next theater of warfare. In the future, wars will not just be fought by soldiers with guns or with planes that drop bombs.

They will also be fought with the click of a mouse a half a world away that unleashes carefully weaponized computer programs that disrupt or destroy critical industries like utilities, transportation, communications, and energy. Such attacks could also disable military networks that control the movement of troops, the path of jet fighters, the command and control of warships.

This has led to new terms such as cyberwarfare and cyberterrorism. The United States Cyber Command was created in [] and many other countries have similar forces. There are a few critical voices that question whether cybersecurity is as significant a threat as it is made out to be. Cybersecurity is a fast-growing field of IT concerned with reducing organizations’ risk of hack or data breaches. The fastest increases in demand for cybersecurity workers are in industries managing increasing volumes of consumer data such as finance, health care, and retail.

Typical cybersecurity job titles and descriptions include: []. Student programs are also available for people interested in beginning a career in cybersecurity. In the United Kingdom, a nationwide set of cybersecurity forums, known as the U. K Cyber Security Forum , were established supported by the Government’s cybersecurity strategy [] in order to encourage start-ups and innovation and to address the skills gap [] identified by the U. K Government. The framework defines emerging cybersecurity roles in Operational Technology.

It outlines the different OT cybersecurity job positions as well as the technical skills and core competencies necessary. It also depicts the many career paths available, including vertical and lateral advancement opportunities. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Protection of computer systems from information disclosure, theft or damage. Phreaking Cryptovirology Hacking of consumer electronics List of hackers.

Hacker culture and ethic. Computer crime. Crimeware List of computer criminals Script kiddie. Hacking tools. Exploit forensics-focused operating systems Payload Social engineering Vulnerability.

Practice sites. HackThisSite Zone-H. Computer security. Application security Cloud computing security Network security. Main article: Vulnerability computing. Main article: Side-channel attack. Main article: Spoofing attack.

See also: Medical device hijack and Medical data breach. Main article: Secure by design. Main article: Vulnerability management. See also: Computer security compromised by hardware failure. Main article: Security-evaluated operating system. Main article: Secure coding. Main articles: Access control list , Role-based access control , and Capability-based security.

Further information: List of cyber-attacks and List of data breaches. Main article: Morris worm. Main article: Global surveillance disclosures —present. Main article: Ashley Madison Data Breach. Main article: Colonial Pipeline ransomware attack. Main article: Computer emergency response team. This section needs to be updated.

Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. January Main article: Cyberwarfare. Ross J. Denning Peter J. Neumann Susan Nycum Paul C. Stolfo Willis Ware Moti Yung. Journal of Digital Forensics, Security and Law. ISSN Retrieved 12 July The Australian.

Politics and Governance. S2CID Neumann, N. Statland and R. Webb Retrieved 19 June Retrieved 16 January Retrieved 31 May April The Washington Post. Retrieved 8 February Lost to Hackers”. The New York Times. Archived from the original on 28 December Retrieved 9 February Archived from the original on 12 October Retrieved 4 August Archived from the original on 15 August Retrieved 17 August Retrieved 25 March Archived from the original on 6 August Retrieved 12 November MSSP Alert.

Retrieved 11 May SC Magazine UK. Archived from the original on 13 September Retrieved 4 July Consumer Information. Retrieved 17 February Reversing: secrets of reverseengineering. ISBN Archived PDF from the original on 3 December Retrieved 16 April Financial Times. Archived from the original on 23 June Retrieved 7 May Associated Press.

Archived from the original on 20 May Retrieved 20 May Archived from the original on 30 June Oxford Reference. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 8 October Advances in Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition. London: Springer. LCCN Ars Technica. Archived from the original on 4 August Retrieved 3 August Procedia Economics and Finance. Reimers, D. Retrieved 17 September South African Computer Journal.

Emory Law Journal. SSRN Minnesota Law Review. CNN Money. Cable News Network. Archived from the original on 18 February Zellan, Aviation Security. Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science, , pp. Archived from the original on 8 February Retrieved 19 March Archived from the original on 13 October Retrieved 21 November Archived from the original on 12 December Cutting marginal tax rates can also be perceived as primarily beneficial to the wealthy, which some see as politically rather than economically motivated: [].

Back in George H. Bush famously described supply-side economics — the claim that cutting taxes on rich people will conjure up an economic miracle, so much so that revenues will actually rise — as “voodoo economic policy. That shows an impressive level of commitment.

David Stockman has said that supply-side economics was merely a cover for the trickle-down approach to economic policy—what an older and less elegant generation called the horse-and-sparrow theory: If you feed the horse enough oats, some will pass through to the road for the sparrows.

Studies, which have analysed the tax cuts in EGTRRA , provided controversial conclusions: the decrease in taxes have provided a generally positive impact on the future output from the effect of the lower tax rates on human capital accumulation, private saving and investment, labor supply; however, the tax cuts have produced adverse effects such as higher deficits and reduced national savings.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Macroeconomic theory. Not to be confused with Trickle-down economics. This article needs attention from an expert in economics. The specific problem is: Needs more academic or scholarly research, rather than newspaper articles. WikiProject Economics may be able to help recruit an expert. March The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. The specific issue is: an over-emphasis on United States experience.

You may improve this article , discuss the issue on the talk page , or create a new article , as appropriate. March Learn how and when to remove this template message. Basic concepts. Fiscal Monetary Commercial Central bank.

Related fields. Econometrics Economic statistics Monetary economics Development economics International economics. Edward C. Sargent Paul Krugman N. Gregory Mankiw. See also. Macroeconomic model Publications in macroeconomics Economics Applied Microeconomics Political economy Mathematical economics.

Economic systems. Economic theories. Related topics and criticism. Anti-capitalism Capitalist state Consumerism Crisis theory Criticism of capitalism Critique of political economy Critique of work Cronyism Culture of capitalism Evergreening Exploitation of labour Globalization History History of theory Market economy Periodizations of capitalism Perspectives on capitalism Post-capitalism Speculation Spontaneous order Venture philanthropy Wage slavery.

Main article: Economic policy of the Bill Clinton administration. Main article: Kansas experiment. Main article: Economic policy of the Donald Trump administration. Main article: Reaganomics. Main article: Bush tax cuts. Main article: Income inequality in the United States. Austerity Demand-side economics Fiscal conservatism Gold standard Mellonomics Monetarism Thatcherism Trickle-down economics voodoo economics. Harris; Julie A. Principles of Economics in Context.

ISBN Macroeconomics, 3E. Tata McGraw-Hill Education. The supply-side economics is the most recent macroeconomic thought. New York: Basic Books. Theory and Society. ISSN JSTOR S2CID The Laffer curve became a powerful pedagogical symbol that many supply siders used when presenting their position. The Journal of Economic Education. March 27, SAGE Publications. Gregory January 1, Principles of Economics. Cengage Learning. Economics Department Faculty Publications.

Gregory Foreign Affairs. But that is a long way from the one- to four-percentage-point boost that the president and his associates have bragged of, and that Moore and Laffer quote without explanation, caveat, or apology. Retrieved The Fiscal Times. Evidence is thin”. The Economists’ Voice.

Atkinson October 29, Principles of Economics 5th ed. February 28, Manas; Modi, Jitendra R. June 15, International Monetary Fund. Retrieved November 17, New York Times. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, Party Politics. Annual Review of Sociology. Macroeconomics, 4th ed. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. Tax incentives and economic growth. Brookings Institution. OCLC Cambridge, MA.

Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School. The Heritage Foundation. Retrieved December 11, Hudson Institute. Archived from the original PDF on July 18, June 22, December 4, Retrieved January 6, April 24,

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